Species & Dataset

Experiment

Foliar Ozone Injury

  • Medicago truncatula

  • Common name: Barrel clover, Barrel medic

  • Family: Fabaceae

  • Cultivar: Jemalong

  • Tissue: Shoot leaves

  • Ozone concentration: 1.75 times of ambient ozone levels (70 nmol mol-1)

  • Ozone exposure: 6 days (6 hours/day)

  • Sampling time: End of exposure period

  • Platform: Microarray

  • Year of study: 2012

  • Location: Oklahoma, USA

medicago injury.jpg

Title: Physiological, biochemical and molecular responses to a combination of drought and ozone in Medicago truncatula

 

Summary: Drought and tropospheric ozone are escalating climate change problems that can co-occur. In this study, we observed Medicago truncatula cultivar Jemalong that is sensitive to ozone and drought stress when applied singly,showed tolerance when subjected to a combined application of these stresses. Lowered stomatal conductance may be a vital tolerance mechanism to overcome combined ozone and drought. Sustained increases in both reduced ascorbate and glutathione in response to combined stress may play a role in lowering reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide toxicity. Transcriptome analysis indicated that genes associated with glucan metabolism, responses to temperature and light signalling may play a role in dampening ozone responses due to drought-induced stomatal closure during combined occurrence of these two stresses. Gene ontologies for jasmonic acid signalling and innate immunity were enriched among the 300 differentially expressed genes unique to combined stress. Differential expression of transcription factors associated with redox, defence signalling, jasmonate responses and chromatin modifications may be important for evoking novel gene networks during combined occurrence of drought and ozone. The alterations in redox milieu and distinct transcriptome changes in response to combined stress could aid in tweaking the metabolome and proteome to annul the detrimental effects of ozone and drought in Jemalong.

 

Data repository: MIAMEXPRESS database (http:// www.ebi.ac.uk/miamexpress/) (Accession number E-MEXP-3657)

Reference: Iyer, N.J., Tang, Y. and Mahalingam, R., 2013. Physiological, biochemical and molecular responses to a combination of drought and ozone in Medicago truncatula. Plant, Cell & Environment, 36(3), pp.706-720

AGI Gene Code
Uniprot ID
Bin Code
Bin Name
LogFoldChange
Functional annotation
AT4G30780.1
Q9SUG8
35.2
not assigned.unknown
2.06
biological_process
AT1G47890.1
Q9C699
20.1.7
stress.biotic.PR-proteins
2.09
defense response
AT2G30970.1
P46643
13.1.1.2.1
amino acid metabolism.synthesis.central amino acid metabolism.aspartate.aspartate aminotransferase
2.16
amino acid metabolic process
AT1G75810.1
Q9LQT3
35.2
not assigned.unknown
2.86
biological_process
AT1G29340.1
Q9C7R6
29.5.11.4.2
protein.degradation.ubiquitin.E3.RING
2.3
apoptosis
AT3G55700.1
Q9M052
26.2
misc.UDP glucosyl and glucoronyl transferases
2.2
metabolic process
AT5G01950.1
F4KAX4
30.2.8.1
signalling.receptor kinases.leucine rich repeat VIII.VIII-1
2.49
protein amino acid phosphorylation
AT4G04960.1
Q9S9U1
30.2.19
signalling.receptor kinases.legume-lectin
2.23
protein amino acid phosphorylation
AT4G26620.1
Q9SUA2
2.2.1.99
major CHO metabolism.degradation.sucrose.misc
2.23
biological_process
AT1G20823.1
Q9LM69
29.5.11.4.2
protein.degradation.ubiquitin.E3.RING
2.66
No GO term
AT5G67090.1
Q9FHA4
29.5.1
protein.degradation.subtilases
2.38
proteolysis
AT5G23530.1
Q9LT10
24
Biodegradation of Xenobiotics
2.16
biological_process
AT3G28860.1
Q9LJX0
34.16
transport.ABC transporters and multidrug resistance systems
2.09
response to blue light
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.28
No GO term
AT5G65380.1
Q9FKQ1
33.99
development.unspecified
2.23
ripening
AT4G23400.1
Q8LAA6
34.19.1
transport.Major Intrinsic Proteins.PIP
2.34
response to salt stress
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.04
No GO term
AT2G29490.1
Q9ZW30
26.9
misc.glutathione S transferases
2.23
toxin catabolic process
AT4G23270.1
Q8GWJ7
30.2.17
signalling.receptor kinases.DUF 26
2.33
protein amino acid phosphorylation
AT4G34770.1
Q9SW57
17.2.3
hormone metabolism.auxin.induced-regulated-responsive-activated
3.51
response to auxin stimulus
AT3G12143.1
10.6.3
cell wall.degradation.pectate lyases and polygalacturonases
2.06
No GO term
AT1G18480.1
Q944L7
26.27
misc.calcineurin-like phosphoesterase family protein
2.11
biological_process
AT2G28660.1
Q7XZS3
15.2
metal handling.binding, chelation and storage
2.31
copper ion transport
AT4G20830.2
Q9SVG4
26.8
misc.nitrilases, *nitrile lyases, berberine bridge enzymes, reticuline oxidases, troponine reductases
2.38
response to oxidative stress
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.01
No GO term
AT1G04030.1
F4I444
35.2
not assigned.unknown
2.08
biological_process
AT2G28840.1
Q94B55
31.1
cell.organisation
2.31
No GO term
AT1G03220.1
Q9ZVS4
29.5.4
protein.degradation.aspartate protease
3.51
No GO term
AT2G34500.1
O64697
26.1
misc.cytochrome P450
2.07
electron transport
AT4G37050.1
O23181
33.1
development.storage proteins
2.54
lipid metabolic process
AT5G18150.1
35.2
not assigned.unknown
2.03
biological_process
AT3G54780.2
Q84WA3
29.5.11.4.2
protein.degradation.ubiquitin.E3.RING
2.58
No GO term
AT4G31940.1
Q9SZ46
26.1
misc.cytochrome P450
2.41
electron transport
AT3G21710.2
Q9LSZ3
35.2
not assigned.unknown
2.28
biological_process
AT5G36260.1
Q4V3D2
29.5.4
protein.degradation.aspartate protease
2.09
proteolysis
AT1G05840.1
F4IAD5
29.5.4
protein.degradation.aspartate protease
2.32
proteolysis
AT2G05920.1
Q9ZUF6
29.5.1
protein.degradation.subtilases
2.5
proteolysis
AT4G31500.1
O65782
16.5.1.1.4.1
secondary metabolism.sulfur-containing.glucosinolates.synthesis.shared.CYP83B1 phenylacetaldoxime monooxygenase
2.37
indoleacetic acid biosynthetic process
AT4G31500.1
O65782
16.5.1.1.4.1
secondary metabolism.sulfur-containing.glucosinolates.synthesis.shared.CYP83B1 phenylacetaldoxime monooxygenase
2.25
indoleacetic acid biosynthetic process
AT1G27120.1
Q8GXG6
26.2
misc.UDP glucosyl and glucoronyl transferases
2.15
protein amino acid glycosylation
None
#N/A
#N/A
4.61
No GO term
AT5G20870.1
F4K6W1
26.3
misc.gluco-, galacto- and mannosidases
2.08
carbohydrate metabolic process
AT5G15640.1
Q949U9
34.9
transport.metabolite transporters at the mitochondrial membrane
2.2
mitochondrial transport
AT2G40070.2
Q494P4
35.2
not assigned.unknown
2.15
No GO term
AT3G11660.1
Q9SRN0
20.1
stress.biotic
2
defense response to virus
AT4G21410.1
Q8S9L6
30.2.17
signalling.receptor kinases.DUF 26
2.12
response to abscisic acid stimulus
AT5G64530.1
Q8GWK6
33.99
development.unspecified
2.39
multicellular organismal development
AT1G74030.1
Q9C9C4
4.1.13
glycolysis.cytosolic branch.enolase
2.05
anaerobic respiration
AT3G49780.1
Q9M2Y0
33.99
development.unspecified
2.05
cell proliferation
AT3G03050.1
Q9M9M4
10.2.1
cell wall.cellulose synthesis.cellulose synthase
2.82
polysaccharide biosynthetic process
AT1G52140.1
Q9ZU12
35.2
not assigned.unknown
2.48
biological_process
AT4G31950.1
O49396
26.1
misc.cytochrome P450
2.21
electron transport
AT1G73650.3
B3H655
35.2
not assigned.unknown
2.41
No GO term
AT5G15870.1
Q9LFT3
20.1
stress.biotic
5.29
biological_process
AT3G57240.1
F4J270
26.4.1
misc.beta 1,3 glucan hydrolases.glucan endo-1,3-beta-glucosidase
2.06
response to bacterium
AT4G00430.2
Q39196
34.19.1
transport.Major Intrinsic Proteins.PIP
2.11
transport
AT1G11600.1
Q9SAB7
26.1
misc.cytochrome P450
2.39
electron transport
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.26
No GO term
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.17
No GO term
AT3G12740.1
Q9LTW0
34.1
transport.p- and v-ATPases
2.34
No GO term
ATCG00530.1
P56783
35.2
not assigned.unknown
2.13
No GO term
ATCG00470.1
P09468
1.1.4.3
PS.lightreaction.ATP synthase.epsilon chain
2.03
cellular respiration
ATCG00480.1
P19366
1.1.4.2
PS.lightreaction.ATP synthase.beta subunit
2.09
response to cold
AT2G26180.1
O64852
30.3
signalling.calcium
2.03
No GO term
AT4G38070.1
P0CB25
27.3.6
RNA.regulation of transcription.bHLH,Basic Helix-Loop-Helix family
2.08
regulation of transcription
AT4G25860.1
Q9SVZ9
31.4
cell.vesicle transport
2
steroid metabolic process
AT3G14660.1
Q9LUC8
26.1
misc.cytochrome P450
2.6
electron transport
AT3G14660.1
Q9LUC8
26.1
misc.cytochrome P450
3.08
electron transport
AT3G14660.1
Q9LUC8
26.1
misc.cytochrome P450
2.56
electron transport
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.05
No GO term
AT2G45750.1
O80844
20.2.3
stress.abiotic.drought/salt
2.06
biological_process
AT2G45750.1
O80844
20.2.3
stress.abiotic.drought/salt
2.28
biological_process
AT2G27480.1
Q9ZQH1
30.3
signalling.calcium
2.16
biological_process
AT5G46470.1
F4KHH8
20.1.7
stress.biotic.PR-proteins
2.18
defense response
AT5G06860.1
Q9M5J9
10.6.3
cell wall.degradation.pectate lyases and polygalacturonases
2.39
defense response
AT5G06870.1
Q9M5J8
10.6.3
cell wall.degradation.pectate lyases and polygalacturonases
2.5
defense response
AT2G33540.1
Q8LL04
27.3
RNA.regulation of transcription
2.02
No GO term
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.78
No GO term
AT5G16250.1
Q9LF03
35.2
not assigned.unknown
2.35
biological_process
AT2G32540.1
O80891
10.2.1
cell wall.cellulose synthesis.cellulose synthase
2.4
polysaccharide biosynthetic process
AT1G64960.1
F4I8B3
35.2
not assigned.unknown
2.04
No GO term
AT4G29270.1
Q9M0F4
26.13
misc.acid and other phosphatases
2.19
biological_process
AT4G29310.1
Q9M0F0
35.2
not assigned.unknown
2.34
No GO term
AT1G18180.1
F4IAN4
35.2
not assigned.unknown
2.33
No GO term
AT4G34760.1
O65695
17.2.3
hormone metabolism.auxin.induced-regulated-responsive-activated
3.29
response to auxin stimulus
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.38
No GO term
AT3G47800.1
Q9STT3
3.5
minor CHO metabolism.others
2.2
galactose metabolic process
AT5G42560.2
Q8LE10
17.1.1
hormone metabolism.abscisic acid.synthesis-degradation
2.07
biological_process
AT4G10630.1
Q9ZSB9
21.4
redox.glutaredoxins
2.04
electron transport
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.04
No GO term
AT1G34320.1
Q9XID5
35.2
not assigned.unknown
2.26
N-terminal protein myristoylation
AT1G67530.1
Q9CAG5
29.5.11.4.2
protein.degradation.ubiquitin.E3.RING
2.27
protein ubiquitination
AT2G02370.1
Q9ZVQ5
35.2
not assigned.unknown
3.42
biological_process
AT5G15870.1
Q9LFT3
20.1
stress.biotic
3.19
biological_process
AT5G49900.1
Q8GUI9
35.2
not assigned.unknown
2.07
No GO term
AT4G36990.1
Q96320
20.2.1
stress.abiotic.heat
2.88
response to heat
AT5G51600.1
Q9FHM4
31.1
cell.organisation
2.03
cytokinesis by cell plate formation
AT1G08590.1
Q9FRS6
30.2.11
signalling.receptor kinases.leucine rich repeat XI
2.28
protein amino acid phosphorylation
AT3G56705.1
27.1
RNA.processing
2.15
nuclear mRNA cis splicing, via U2-type spliceosome
AT1G18390.1
P0C5E2
30.2.20
signalling.receptor kinases.wheat LRK10 like
3.52
protein amino acid phosphorylation
AT1G30040.2
Q9XFR9
17.6.1.13
hormone metabolism.gibberelin.synthesis-degradation.GA2 oxidase
2.51
gibberellic acid catabolic process
AT1G09000.1
O22040
29.4
protein.postranslational modification
2.08
response to oxidative stress
AT3G22142.1
Q9LIE8
26.21
misc.protease inhibitor/seed storage/lipid transfer protein (LTP) family protein
3.11
No GO term
AT4G27260.1
O81829
17.2.3
hormone metabolism.auxin.induced-regulated-responsive-activated
2.13
response to auxin stimulus
AT5G06720.1
Q42578
26.12
misc.peroxidases
2.02
response to oxidative stress
AT1G28400.1
Q9SGN8
35.1
not assigned.no ontology
2.1
biological_process
AT2G02000.1
Q9ZPS4
13.1.1.1.1
amino acid metabolism.synthesis.central amino acid metabolism.GABA.Glutamate decarboxylase
2.4
glutamate decarboxylation to succinate
AT1G08320.3
Q93XM6
27.3.35
RNA.regulation of transcription.bZIP transcription factor family
3.39
regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent
AT5G23950.1
Q9FF85
20.2.2
stress.abiotic.cold
2.29
biological_process
AT1G34300.1
Q9XID3
30.2.24
signalling.receptor kinases.S-locus glycoprotein like
2.02
protein amino acid phosphorylation
AT1G31280.1
Q9SHF3
33.99
development.unspecified
2.06
biological_process
AT4G00880.1
O23089
17.2.3
hormone metabolism.auxin.induced-regulated-responsive-activated
2.26
response to auxin stimulus
AT5G22850.1
Q0WRU5
29.5
protein.degradation
2.13
proteolysis
AT1G51680.3
Q42524
16.2.1.3
secondary metabolism.phenylpropanoids.lignin biosynthesis.4CL
2.41
response to UV
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.28
No GO term
AT5G10870.1
Q9S7H4
13.1.6.2.1
amino acid metabolism.synthesis.aromatic aa.phenylalanine and tyrosine.chorismate mutase
2.31
aromatic amino acid family biosynthetic process
AT5G61210.1
Q9S7P9
31.4
cell.vesicle transport
2.08
membrane fusion
AT1G28480.1
Q9SGP6
21.4
redox.glutaredoxins
2.17
electron transport
AT1G02170.1
Q7XJE6
29.5
protein.degradation
2.15
induction of apoptosis
AT3G61040.2
Q9LEX2
26.1
misc.cytochrome P450
2.02
electron transport
AT5G16370.1
Q9FFE6
11.1.8
lipid metabolism.FA synthesis and FA elongation.acyl coa ligase
2.14
metabolic process
AT2G04520.1
Q9SJB9
29.2.3
protein.synthesis.initiation
2.02
translational initiation
AT1G14330.1
Q9M9S9
29.5.11.4.3.2
protein.degradation.ubiquitin.E3.SCF.FBOX
2.75
biological_process
AT1G80440.1
Q9M8L2
29.5.11.4.3.2
protein.degradation.ubiquitin.E3.SCF.FBOX
2.57
biological_process
AT4G14770.1
F4JIF5
27.3.17
RNA.regulation of transcription.CPP(Zn),CPP1-related transcription factor family
2.08
regulation of transcription
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.28
No GO term
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.02
No GO term
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.18
No GO term
AT4G13370.1
35.2
not assigned.unknown
2.22
biological_process
AT1G70740.1
Q9CAC3
30.2.17
signalling.receptor kinases.DUF 26
2.4
protein amino acid phosphorylation
AT3G05990.1
Q9SFG3
30.2.99
signalling.receptor kinases.misc
2.07
signal transduction
AT3G47780.1
Q9STT5
34.16
transport.ABC transporters and multidrug resistance systems
2.26
No GO term
AT3G59480.1
Q9M1B9
2.2.1.1
major CHO metabolism.degradation.sucrose.fructokinase
2.23
D-ribose metabolic process
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.18
No GO term
None
#N/A
#N/A
6.47
No GO term
AT3G02100.1
Q9SGA8
26.2
misc.UDP glucosyl and glucoronyl transferases
2.23
metabolic process
AT2G27480.1
Q9ZQH1
30.3
signalling.calcium
2.39
biological_process
AT3G27570.1
B9DGQ8
35.2
not assigned.unknown
2.44
biological_process
AT2G27080.2
Q9ZVD2
35.1
not assigned.no ontology
2.06
biological_process
AT5G57560.1
Q38857
10.7
cell wall.modification
2.02
cell wall organization and biogenesis (sensu Magnoliophyta)
AT5G02100.1
Q9LZM1
31.4
cell.vesicle transport
2.12
steroid metabolic process
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.13
No GO term
AT2G42140.1
O48522
35.1
not assigned.no ontology
2.13
biological_process
AT1G19270.1
P0C7Q8
29.5.11
protein.degradation.ubiquitin
2.06
No GO term
AT2G31230.1
Q8VYM0
17.5.2
hormone metabolism.ethylene.signal transduction
2.23
regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent
AT2G38470.1
Q8S8P5
27.3.32
RNA.regulation of transcription.WRKY domain transcription factor family
2.75
defense response to bacterium
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.21
No GO term
AT1G02170.1
Q7XJE6
29.5
protein.degradation
2.05
induction of apoptosis
AT3G56100.1
C0LGP9
30.2.3
signalling.receptor kinases.leucine rich repeat III
2.09
protein amino acid phosphorylation
AT1G16330.1
Q9SA32
31.3
cell.cycle
2.04
regulation of cell cycle
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.63
No GO term
AT2G38470.1
Q8S8P5
27.3.32
RNA.regulation of transcription.WRKY domain transcription factor family
2.46
defense response to bacterium
AT2G36670.2
F4INZ4
29.5.4
protein.degradation.aspartate protease
2.09
proteolysis
AT1G61130.1
Q4PSY2
29.5.5
protein.degradation.serine protease
2.49
proteolysis
AT5G46050.1
Q9FNL7
34.13
transport.peptides and oligopeptides
2.27
oligopeptide transport
AT5G59540.2
Q9LTH7
17.5.1
hormone metabolism.ethylene.synthesis-degradation
2.31
ATP synthesis coupled proton transport
AT1G26240.1
Q9C668
10.5.4
cell wall.cell wall proteins.HRGP
2.18
cell wall organization and biogenesis (sensu Magnoliophyta)
AT3G01680.1
Q9SS87
35.2
not assigned.unknown
2.13
biological_process
AT3G14770.1
Q9LH79
33.99
development.unspecified
2.12
biological_process
AT3G46570.1
Q9SNC1
26.4.1
misc.beta 1,3 glucan hydrolases.glucan endo-1,3-beta-glucosidase
2.11
carbohydrate metabolic process
AT2G02360.1
Q9ZVQ6
29.5.11.4.3.2
protein.degradation.ubiquitin.E3.SCF.FBOX
2.11
biological_process
AT4G19810.1
O81862
20.1
stress.biotic
2.48
carbohydrate metabolic process
AT4G19810.1
O81862
20.1
stress.biotic
2.28
carbohydrate metabolic process
AT2G43000.1
Q9SK55
33.99
development.unspecified
2.03
multicellular organismal development
AT3G21630.1
A8R7E6
30.2.21
signalling.receptor kinases.lysine motif
2.12
detection of molecule of fungal origin
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.28
No GO term
AT5G67150.1
Q9FH98
16.2
secondary metabolism.phenylpropanoids
2.08
biological_process
AT2G04480.1
Q9SJC2
35.2
not assigned.unknown
2.17
biological_process
AT1G78440.1
Q8LEA2
17.6.1.13
hormone metabolism.gibberelin.synthesis-degradation.GA2 oxidase
2.11
gibberellic acid catabolic process
AT1G22400.1
Q9SK82
17.4.1
hormone metabolism.cytokinin.synthesis-degradation
2.81
metabolic process
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.04
No GO term
AT4G20840.1
Q9SVG3
26.8
misc.nitrilases, *nitrile lyases, berberine bridge enzymes, reticuline oxidases, troponine reductases
2.19
electron transport
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.31
No GO term
AT3G01680.1
Q9SS87
35.2
not assigned.unknown
2.06
biological_process
AT2G31230.1
Q8VYM0
17.5.2
hormone metabolism.ethylene.signal transduction
2.25
regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent
AT2G45960.3
Q06611
34.19.1
transport.Major Intrinsic Proteins.PIP
2.18
response to water deprivation
AT2G45960.3
Q06611
34.19.1
transport.Major Intrinsic Proteins.PIP
2.08
response to water deprivation
AT5G62730.1
Q9FM20
34.13
transport.peptides and oligopeptides
2.27
oligopeptide transport
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.23
No GO term
AT1G49320.1
Q9XI99
35.1
not assigned.no ontology
2.48
No GO term
AT1G72330.2
Q9LDV4
13.1.1.3.1
amino acid metabolism.synthesis.central amino acid metabolism.alanine.alanine aminotransferase
2.14
biosynthetic process
AT1G21380.1
Q9LPL6
31.4
cell.vesicle transport
2.16
intra-Golgi vesicle-mediated transport
AT3G25250.1
Q9LSF1
29.4
protein.postranslational modification
2.4
protein amino acid phosphorylation
AT2G22250.2
Q9SIE1
13.1.1.2.1
amino acid metabolism.synthesis.central amino acid metabolism.aspartate.aspartate aminotransferase
2.63
embryonic development (sensu Magnoliophyta)
AT3G13610.1
Q9LHN8
28.99
DNA.unspecified
2.11
secondary metabolic process
AT4G33920.1
O81760
29.4
protein.postranslational modification
2
No GO term
AT1G78440.1
Q8LEA2
17.6.1.13
hormone metabolism.gibberelin.synthesis-degradation.GA2 oxidase
2.36
gibberellic acid catabolic process
AT4G03420.1
Q9ZT70
35.2
not assigned.unknown
2.21
biological_process
AT1G44130.1
Q9C6Y5
29.5
protein.degradation
2.03
proteolysis
AT1G15670.1
Q9LMR5
29.5.11.4.3.2
protein.degradation.ubiquitin.E3.SCF.FBOX
3.34
biological_process
AT5G60860.1
Q9FJH0
30.5
signalling.G-proteins
3.11
protein transport
AT2G33490.1
O22799
35.1.41
not assigned.no ontology.hydroxyproline rich proteins
2.04
No GO term
AT4G14770.1
F4JIF5
27.3.17
RNA.regulation of transcription.CPP(Zn),CPP1-related transcription factor family
2.18
regulation of transcription
AT1G18250.2
P50699
20.1
stress.biotic
2.09
response to other organism
AT5G55560.1
Q6ICW6
29.4
protein.postranslational modification
2.17
protein amino acid phosphorylation
AT5G62350.1
Q9LVA4
26.18
misc.invertase/pectin methylesterase inhibitor family protein
3.95
No GO term
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.62
No GO term
AT1G53820.1
P0C035
29.5.11.4.2
protein.degradation.ubiquitin.E3.RING
2.36
No GO term
AT4G36945.1
F4JQJ7
30.4.4
signalling.phosphinositides.phosphoinositide phospholipase C
2.26
intracellular signaling cascade
None
#N/A
#N/A
2.29
No GO term