Species & Dataset
Experiment
Foliar ozone injury
  • Arabidopsis thaliana

  • Common name: Thale cress, Mouse-ear cress

  • Family: Brassicaceae

  • Cultivar: Col-0 (wild type), ein2 (Ethylene signaling deficient), sid2 (Salicylic acid biosynthesis deficient)

  • Tissue: Rosettes

  • Ozone concentration: 200 nL L-1

  • Ozone exposure: 24 hours

  • Platform: Macroarray

  • Year of study: 2009

  • Location: Japan

Arabidopsis_injury.png

Title:  Ethylene and salicylic acid control glutathione biosynthesis in ozone-exposed Arabidopsis thaliana.

Summary: Ozone produces reactive oxygen species and induces the synthesis of phytohormones, including ethylene and salicylic acid. These phytohormones act as signal molecules that enhance cell death in response to ozone exposure. However, some studies have shown that ethylene and salicylic acid can instead decrease the magnitude of ozone-induced cell death. Therefore, we studied the defensive roles of ethylene and salicylic acid against ozone.Unlike the wild-type, Col-0, Arabidopsis mutants deficient in ethylene signaling (ein2) or salicylic acid biosynthesis (sid2) generated high levels of superoxide and exhibited visible leaf injury, indicating that ethylene and salicylic acid can reduce ozone damage. Macroarray analysis suggested that the ethylene and salicylic acid defects influenced glutathione (GSH) metabolism. Increases in the reduced form of GSH occurred in Col-0 6 h after ozone exposure, but little GSH was detected in ein2 and sid2 mutants, suggesting that GSH levels were affected by ethylene or salicylic acid signaling. We performed gene expression analysis by real-time polymerase chain reaction using genes involved in GSH metabolism. Induction of γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase (GSH1), glutathione synthetase (GSH2), and glutathione reductase 1 (GR1) expression occurred normally in Col-0, but at much lower levels in ein2 and sid2. Enzymatic activities of GSH1 and GSH2 in ein2 and sid2 were significantly lower than in Col-0. Moreover, ozone-induced leaf damage observed in ein2 and sid2 was mitigated by artificial elevation of GSH content. Our results suggest that ethylene and salicylic acid protect against ozone-induced leaf injury by increasing de novo biosynthesis of GSH.

Reference: Yoshida, S., Tamaoki, M., Ioki, M., Ogawa, D., Sato, Y., Aono, M., Kubo, A., Saji, S., Saji, H., Satoh, S. and Nakajima, N., 2009. Ethylene and salicylic acid control glutathione biosynthesis in ozone‐exposed Arabidopsis thaliana. Physiologia Plantarum, 136(3), pp.284-298.

sid2

ein2

Col-0

AGI Gene Code
Uniprot ID
Bin Code
Bin Name
Col-0 (0 h)
Col-0 (3 h)
Col-0 (6 h)
Col-0 (12 h)
ein2 (0 h)
ein2 (3 h)
ein2 (6 h)
ein2 (12 h)
sid2 (0 h)
sid2 (3 h)
sid2 (6 h)
sid2 (12 h)
Functional annotation
Gene
AT2G45070
P38389
29.3.4.99
protein.targeting.secretory pathway.unspecified
0.82
1.41
0.98
0.84
0.42
0.88
0.99
0.75
0.48
1
0.58
0.81
Protein transport protein
SEC61?
AT2g47470
O22263
21.1.1
redox.thioredoxin.PDIL
0.52
1.07
1.01
0.73
0.26
0.61
1
0.73
0.39
0.6
0.55
0.56
Protein disulfide isomerase like
PDIL
AT3G54960
Q8VX13
21.1.1
redox.thioredoxin.PDIL
0.17
0.24
0.38
0.2
0.15
0.38
0.38
0.36
0.18
0.24
0.27
0.19
Protein disulfide isomerase like 2
PDIL2
AT1G08450
O04153
30.3
signalling.calcium
0.23
0.6
0.63
0.42
0.19
0.51
0.59
0.7
0.2
0.37
0.45
0.38
Calreticulin 3
CRT3
AT1G09210
Q38858
30.3
signalling.calcium
0.51
0.91
1.04
0.65
0.33
0.73
0.93
0.86
0.38
0.78
1.07
0.77
Calreticulin 2
CRT2
AT1G56340
O04151
30.3
signalling.calcium
0.6
1.16
1.06
0.74
0.31
0.92
1.02
0.95
0.37
1.06
1.09
0.8
Calreticulin 1
CRT1
AT5G61790
P29402
30.3
signalling.calcium
0.52
1.12
1.02
0.7
0.23
1.02
0.96
0.94
0.32
0.92
0.86
0.68
Calnexin 1
CNX1
AT5G07340
Q38798
30.3
signalling.calcium
0.31
0.73
0.66
0.37
0.14
0.47
0.5
0.49
0.26
0.61
0.52
0.45
Calnexin 2
CNX2
AT2G01720
Q9ZUA0
29.7
protein.glycosylation
0.39
0.85
0.64
0.5
0.14
0.51
0.52
0.47
0.33
0.58
0.48
0.34
Ribophorin I family protein
RBP
AT4G22670
Q93YR3
35.1.5
not assigned.no ontology.pentatricopeptide (PPR) repeat-containing protein
0.49
1.01
0.77
0.61
0.25
0.5
0.63
0.53
0.39
0.77
0.57
0.5
Tetratricopeptide repeat
TTR
AT2G47320
Q94A16
31.3.1
cell.cycle.peptidylprolyl isomerase
0.51
1.12
0.86
0.63
0.23
0.5
0.71
0.56
0.46
0.83
0.66
0.5
Peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase
CCP
AT1G14010
Q8GYG1
34.99
transport.misc
0.25
0.68
0.64
0.38
0.11
0.41
0.57
0.4
0.24
0.46
0.42
0.31
Tmp21 precursor
TTP
AT1G07940
P0DH99
29.2.4
protein.synthesis.elongation
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Elongation factor 1-alpha
EF-1?
AT2G01010
#N/A
29.2.6
protein.synthesis.ribosomal RNA
0.72
0.87
0.76
0.47
0.77
0.79
0.64
0.53
0.6
0.78
0.55
0.5
18S rRNA
18SrRNA
AT5G44340
P24636
31.1
cell.organisation
0.69
1.19
0.83
0.58
0.57
0.74
0.92
0.69
0.54
0.62
0.65
0.52
Tubulin beta-4 chain
TUBULIN4
AT1G49240
Q96293
31.1
cell.organisation
0.75
1.21
0.67
0.48
0.53
0.75
0.57
0.58
0.52
0.8
0.64
0.49
Actin 8
ACTIN8
AT1G55020
Q06327
17.7.1.2
hormone metabolism.jasmonate.synthesis-degradation.lipoxygenase
0.22
0.39
0.35
0.23
0.16
0.32
0.27
0.4
0.11
0.14
0.27
0.23
Lipoxygenase 1
LOX1
AT3G45140
P38418
17.7.1.2
hormone metabolism.jasmonate.synthesis-degradation.lipoxygenase
0.64
1.37
2.34
1.49
0.53
1.53
1.79
1.5
0.28
1.23
1.73
1.27
Lipoxygenase 2
LOX2
AT5G42650
Q96242
17.7.1.3
hormone metabolism.jasmonate.synthesis-degradation.allene oxidase synthase
0.65
1.23
0.82
0.38
0.41
1
0.91
0.58
0.4
1.02
0.9
0.63
Allene oxide synthase
AOS
AT3G16470
O04309
17.7.3
hormone metabolism.jasmonate.induced-regulated-responsive-activated
0.63
1.67
1.76
0.77
0.37
1.21
1.51
0.93
0.38
1.05
1.25
0.81
JA-responsive gene
JIP?JR?
AT5G52310
Q06738
20.2.2
stress.abiotic.cold
0.28
0.6
0.39
0.19
0.24
0.39
0.42
0.28
0.19
0.29
0.33
0.37
Desiccation-responsive protein 29A
RD29A
AT5G25610
Q08298
20.2.3
stress.abiotic.drought/salt
3.04
2.3
1.57
1.16
1.78
1.75
1.12
0.95
2.23
1.55
1.19
1.43
Dehydration-responsive protein 22
RD22
AT5G15970
P31169
31.1
cell.organisation
0.78
1.3
1.47
0.53
0.55
1.03
1.25
0.67
0.36
0.74
1.25
0.7
Cold-responsive 6.6
KIN2
AT1G20440
P31168
20.2.99
stress.abiotic.unspecified
0.63
0.94
0.8
0.41
0.48
0.39
0.76
0.48
0.31
0.49
0.74
0.55
Cold regulated 47
COR47
AT5G66400
P30185
20.2.99
stress.abiotic.unspecified
0.49
1.01
0.76
0.33
0.26
0.39
0.59
0.47
0.36
0.45
0.57
0.42
Responsive ABA 18
RAB18
AT1G32210
Q39080
20.1
stress.biotic
0.62
1.28
0.79
0.54
0.3
0.75
0.78
0.59
0.43
0.72
0.68
0.56
Defender against apoptotic death 1
DAD-1
AT4G20380
P94077
27.3.99
RNA.regulation of transcription.unclassified
0.35
0.85
0.46
0.26
0.19
0.5
0.41
0.34
0.32
0.51
0.42
0.35
Lesion simulating disease 1
LSD1
AT3G44880
Q9FYC2
31.5.1
cell.cell death.plants
0.32
0.69
0.53
0.31
0.16
0.46
0.46
0.41
0.22
0.42
0.44
0.35
Accelerated cell death 1
ACD1
AT5G43060
Q9FMH8
29.5.3
protein.degradation.cysteine protease
0.27
0.67
0.54
0.34
0.15
0.29
0.46
0.44
0.26
0.42
0.38
0.35
Senescence-associated gene 1
SAG12
AT3G02040
Q9SGA2
11.9.3.3
lipid metabolism.lipid degradation.lysophospholipases.glycerophosphodiester phosphodiesterase
0.26
0.83
0.58
0.27
0.13
0.32
0.46
0.37
0.22
0.46
0.46
0.35
Senescence-related gene 3
SRG3
AT4G35770
Q38853
33.99
development.unspecified
0.39
1.11
0.87
0.44
0.2
0.41
0.5
0.42
0.24
0.64
0.55
0.5
Sterile apetela
SAP
AT5G47120
Q9LD45
20.1
stress.biotic
0.56
2.49
1.64
0.7
0.28
0.98
1.11
0.66
0.46
1.53
0.84
0.72
Bax inhibitor 1
ATBI-1
AT5G23040
Q9FN50
31.5.1
cell.cell death.plants
0.48
0.94
0.76
0.45
0.29
0.38
0.56
0.35
0.56
0.51
0.47
0.44
Cell growth defect factor 1
CDF1
AT3G02470
Q96286
22.1.2
polyamine metabolism.synthesis.SAM decarboxylase
1.64
1.37
0.8
0.54
0.95
0.93
0.76
0.69
0.94
0.82
0.68
0.61
S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase
SAMDC
AT2G16500
Q9SI64
22.1.3
polyamine metabolism.synthesis.arginine decarboxylase
0.57
0.83
0.38
0.22
0.33
0.49
0.34
0.34
0.32
0.47
0.31
0.25
Arginine decarboxylase 1
ADC1
AT4G34710
O23141
22.1.3
polyamine metabolism.synthesis.arginine decarboxylase
0.28
0.87
0.59
0.28
0.18
0.62
0.49
0.35
0.24
0.57
0.58
0.31
Arginine decarboxylase 2
ADC2
AT1G23820
Q9ZUB3
22.1.6
polyamine metabolism.synthesis.spermidine synthase
0.37
0.74
0.6
0.48
0.25
0.37
0.46
0.43
0.35
0.46
0.5
0.46
Spermidine synthase 1
SPDS
AT5G14040
Q9FMU6
34.9
transport.metabolite transporters at the mitochondrial membrane
0.45
1
0.69
0.5
0.33
0.4
0.54
0.44
0.47
0.63
0.53
0.46
Mitochondrial phosphate transporter 1
MPT1
AT3G08580
P31167
34.8
transport.metabolite transporters at the envelope membrane
1.16
1.96
1.31
1.07
0.85
1.11
1.25
0.97
0.71
1.2
0.84
1.17
Aromatic neutral amino acid transporter 1
ANT1
AT5G46110
Q9ZSR7
2.2.2.6
major CHO metabolism.degradation.starch.transporter
1.88
1.61
0.88
0.71
1.12
0.72
0.65
0.54
1.41
0.95
0.48
0.72
Triose-phosphate translocator
TPT
AT4G00860
Q38842
20
stress
0.67
1.34
0.89
0.69
0.46
0.55
0.97
0.59
0.53
0.61
0.49
0.64
Ozone- induced protein 1
ATOZI1
AT5G40650
Q8LB02
8.1.7
TCA / org transformation.TCA.succinate dehydrogenase
0.27
0.4
0.45
0.27
0.26
0.42
0.47
0.39
0.31
0.28
0.38
0.26
Succinate dehydrogenase 2-2
SDH2-2
AT5G66760
O82663
8.1.7
TCA / org transformation.TCA.succinate dehydrogenase
0.26
0.51
0.49
0.27
0.23
0.41
0.5
0.44
0.25
0.33
0.37
0.28
Succinate dehydrogenase 1-1
SDH1-1
AT1G77120
P06525
5.3
fermentation.ADH
0.18
0.44
0.31
0.13
0.13
0.25
0.33
0.24
0.17
0.2
0.23
0.16
Alcohol dehydrogenase 1
ADH1
AT5G13110
Q9FY99
7.1.1
OPP.oxidative PP.G6PD
0.21
0.55
0.31
0.15
0.11
0.34
0.3
0.25
0.13
0.35
0.3
0.19
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase 2
G6PD
AT5G65430
P48348
30.7
signalling.14-3-3 proteins
0.54
0.92
0.54
0.35
0.23
0.6
0.53
0.45
0.33
0.58
0.54
0.45
General regulatory factor 8
14-3-3
AT4G37980
Q02971
16.2.1.10
secondary metabolism.phenylpropanoids.lignin biosynthesis.CAD
0.98
0.83
0.76
0.43
0.4
0.64
0.71
0.52
0.49
0.79
0.69
0.56
Elicitor-activated gene 3
ELI3-1
AT3G21720
P28297
6.9
gluconeogenesis / glyoxylate cycle.isocitrate lyase
0.15
0.38
0.28
0.15
0.09
0.31
0.29
0.26
0.15
0.21
0.21
0.15
Isocitrate lyase
ICL
AT1G21250
Q39191
30.2.25
signalling.receptor kinases.wall associated kinase
0.14
1
0.86
0.6
0.11
0.51
0.78
0.68
0.14
0.43
0.47
0.44
Cell wall-associated kinase 1
WAK1
AT5G20230
Q07488
26.19
misc.plastocyanin-like
0.31
4.32
2.59
1.1
0.15
2.05
2.28
1.23
0.29
2.68
2.19
1.12
Blue copper binding protein
BCB
AT5G20280
Q94BT0
2.1.1.1
major CHO metabolism.synthesis.sucrose.SPS
0.24
0.44
0.32
0.25
0.13
0.13
0.27
0.29
0.2
0.2
0.17
0.22
Sucrose-phosphate synthase
SPS
AT5G20830
P49040
2.2.1.5
major CHO metabolism.degradation.sucrose.Susy
0.18
0.5
0.36
0.17
0.09
0.18
0.28
0.23
0.17
0.31
0.19
0.14
Sucrose synthase 1
SUS1
AT3G13790
Q43866
2.2.1.3.2
major CHO metabolism.degradation.sucrose.invertases.cell wall
0.14
1.05
0.75
0.34
0.09
0.54
0.73
0.51
0.18
0.48
0.36
0.25
Beta-fructosidase 1
BFS1
AT1G22710
Q39231
34.2.1
transport.sugars.sucrose
0.39
0.26
0.38
0.17
0.36
0.34
0.3
0.24
0.34
0.24
0.26
0.18
Sucrose-proton symporter 2
SUC2
AT3G50970
P42758
20.2.99
stress.abiotic.unspecified
0.15
0.37
0.32
0.16
0.16
0.31
0.26
0.22
0.19
0.22
0.24
0.18
Low-temperature-induced protein 30
LTI30
AT1G20450
P42759
20.2.99
stress.abiotic.unspecified
0.35
0.75
0.52
0.3
0.28
0.42
0.45
0.35
0.27
0.46
0.51
0.39
Low-temperature-induced protein 29
LTI29
AT1G42990
Q9C7S0
27.3.35
RNA.regulation of transcription.bZIP transcription factor family
0.38
1.07
0.51
0.27
0.26
0.73
0.51
0.38
0.22
0.75
0.48
0.34
Basic region/leucine zipper motif 60
bZIP60
AT5G42020
Q39043
20.2.1
stress.abiotic.heat
0.39
1.1
0.94
0.59
0.23
0.99
0.94
0.69
0.25
0.97
0.87
0.69
Luminal binding protein 2
BIP2
AT5G28540
Q9LKR3
20.2.1
stress.abiotic.heat
0.34
0.88
0.9
0.57
0.22
0.8
0.8
0.62
0.3
0.82
0.75
0.64
Luminal binding protein 1
BIP1
AT4G24190
Q9STX5
20.2.1
stress.abiotic.heat
0.52
0.94
0.95
0.83
0.33
0.9
0.88
0.75
0.33
0.73
0.76
0.64
Heat shock protein 90
HSP90
AT5G56030
P55737
20.2.1
stress.abiotic.heat
0.54
2.06
0.65
0.69
0.45
1.04
0.67
0.48
0.48
1.61
0.68
0.62
Heat shock protein 81-2
HSP81-2
AT2G45770
O80842
29.3.3
protein.targeting.chloroplast
0.31
0.67
0.38
0.29
0.21
0.3
0.43
0.35
0.27
0.37
0.26
0.23
Signal recognition particle receptor
SRPR
AT2G34250
O80774
29.3.4.99
protein.targeting.secretory pathway.unspecified
0.44
1.05
0.75
0.45
0.27
0.62
0.76
0.49
0.34
0.68
0.46
0.4
Protein transport protein
SEC61?
AT4G35000
Q42564
21.2.1
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.ascorbate
0.73
0.9
0.66
0.45
0.54
0.68
0.51
0.59
0.44
0.46
0.59
0.46
Ascorbate peroxidase 3
APX3
AT1G77490
Q42593
21.2.1
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.ascorbate
0.65
0.6
0.38
0.24
0.35
0.44
0.46
0.32
0.45
0.35
0.31
0.32
Ascorbate peroxidase 4
APX4
AT4G08390
Q42592
21.2.1
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.ascorbate
0.47
0.93
0.57
0.44
0.32
0.49
0.63
0.47
0.49
0.61
0.51
0.47
Ascorbate peroxidase 5
APX5
AT1G63940
P92947
21.2.1
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.ascorbate
0.21
0.76
0.47
0.26
0.28
0.31
0.47
0.26
0.3
0.36
0.32
0.31
Monodehydroascorbate reductase 1
MDAR1
AT5G03630
Q93WJ8
21.2.1
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.ascorbate
0.33
1.79
1
0.33
0.21
1.28
1.11
0.62
0.24
0.82
0.94
0.5
Monodehydroascorbate reductase 2
MDAR2
AT1G19570
Q9FWR4
21.2.1
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.ascorbate
1.16
1.9
2.3
1.16
0.72
1.65
1.61
1.1
0.62
1.47
1.83
1.08
Mitochondrial dehydroascorbate reductase
mtDHAR
AT1G75270
Q9FRL8
21.2.1
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.ascorbate
0.34
0.92
0.67
0.41
0.25
0.59
0.59
0.6
0.28
0.57
0.44
0.37
Cytosolic dehydroascorbate reductase
cytDHAR
AT5G16705
Q56YI5
#N/A
#N/A
1.02
1.2
0.77
0.6
0.57
0.73
0.6
0.59
0.78
0.73
0.64
0.62
Dehydroascorbate reductase 5
DHAR5
AT2G39770
O22287
10.1.1.1
cell wall.precursor synthesis.NDP sugar pyrophosphorylase.GDP mannose
0.66
1.29
0.65
0.48
0.38
0.89
0.57
0.62
0.34
0.81
0.64
0.51
GDP-mannose pyrophosphorylase
VTC1-1
AT5G28840
Q93VR3
21.2.1.1
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.ascorbate.GME
0.78
0.74
0.52
0.44
0.47
0.51
0.43
0.46
0.43
0.43
0.47
0.55
GDP-D-mannose 3',5'-epimerase
ATGME
AT3G02870
Q9M8S8
3.4.5
minor CHO metabolism.myo-inositol.inositol phosphatase
0.44
0.82
0.56
0.25
0.26
0.49
0.42
0.37
0.25
0.41
0.45
0.4
L-galactose-1-phosphate phosphatase
VTC4-1
AT4G33670
O81884
21.2.1.4
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.ascorbate.L-galactose dehydrogenase
0.39
0.67
0.52
0.31
0.23
0.28
0.44
0.35
0.24
0.34
0.38
0.36
L-galactose dehydrogenase
L-GalDH
AT3G47930
Q9SU56
21.2.1.5
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.ascorbate.L-Galactono-1,4-lactone dehydrogenase
0.46
0.82
0.57
0.36
0.29
0.32
0.43
0.36
0.46
0.67
0.54
0.48
L-galactono-1,4-lactone dehydrogenase
ATGLDH
AT5G16710
Q8LE52
21.2.1
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.ascorbate
0.6
0.51
0.45
0.34
0.52
0.45
0.27
0.37
0.47
0.37
0.45
0.39
Chloroplast dehydroascorbate reductase
chlDHAR
AT4G30570
Q8H1Q7
10.1.1.1
cell wall.precursor synthesis.NDP sugar pyrophosphorylase.GDP mannose
0.01
0.03
-0.04
0.01
0.01
0.03
0.01
0.07
0.03
0.04
0.05
0.01
GDP-mannose pyrophosphorylase
VTC1-c
AT5G21105
F4K6Z6
21.2.1
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.ascorbate
0.12
0.19
0.05
0.08
0.06
0.08
0.04
0.18
0.08
0.2
0.17
0.15
L-ascorbate oxidase
AO
AT2G37040
P35510
16.2.1.1
secondary metabolism.phenylpropanoids.lignin biosynthesis.PAL
0.56
1.91
0.71
0.52
0.36
0.63
0.62
0.59
0.37
0.8
0.56
0.48
Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase 1
PAL1
AT1G51680
Q42524
16.2.1.3
secondary metabolism.phenylpropanoids.lignin biosynthesis.4CL
0.54
1.33
0.45
0.35
0.38
0.38
0.49
0.24
0.61
0.53
0.31
0.37
CoA ligase
4-CL
AT5G13930
P13114
16.8.2.1
secondary metabolism.flavonoids.chalcones.naringenin-chalcone synthase
0.5
0.46
0.44
0.44
0.43
0.54
0.47
0.64
0.4
0.24
0.47
0.57
Chalcone synthase
CHS
AT2G25080
P52032
21.2
redox.ascorbate and glutathione
1.37
1.34
0.82
0.53
0.71
0.77
0.77
0.5
1.14
0.78
0.65
0.53
Glutathione peroxidase 1
GPX1
AT2G31570
O04922
21.2.2
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.glutathione
1.08
1.85
1.23
0.5
0.49
1.33
1.26
0.66
0.56
1.03
0.7
0.76
Glutathione peroxidase 2
GPX2
AT1G63460
Q8LBU2
21.2.2
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.glutathione
0.4
0.91
0.63
0.39
0.22
0.53
0.58
0.56
0.24
0.47
0.48
0.53
Glutathione peroxidase 8
GPX8
AT2G43350
O22850
21.2
redox.ascorbate and glutathione
0.55
1.2
0.82
0.53
0.27
0.73
0.68
0.56
0.27
0.6
0.65
0.59
Glutathione peroxidase 3
GPX3
AT2G48150
Q8L910
21.2.2
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.glutathione
0.38
0.73
0.42
0.2
0.24
0.28
0.46
0.33
0.18
0.3
0.33
0.27
Glutathione peroxidase 4
GPX4
AT3G63080
Q9LYB4
21.2.2
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.glutathione
0.37
0.97
0.74
0.32
0.24
0.42
0.59
0.37
0.24
0.46
0.43
0.29
Glutathione peroxidase 5
GPX5
AT4G11600
O48646
21.2.2
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.glutathione
0.44
1.43
1.11
0.44
0.22
0.54
0.6
0.38
0.3
0.85
0.67
0.49
Glutathione peroxidase 6
GPX6
AT1G20630
Q96528
21.6
redox.dismutases and catalases
0.48
0.78
0.57
0.33
0.38
0.43
0.5
0.44
0.42
0.41
0.41
0.54
Catalase 1
CAT1
AT4G35090
P25819
21.6
redox.dismutases and catalases
3.32
1.3
0.96
0.67
1.72
1.02
0.74
0.89
1.71
0.92
0.7
1.07
Catalase 2
CAT2
AT1G20620
Q42547
21.6
redox.dismutases and catalases
1.75
2.38
1.99
1.19
0.86
1.39
1.32
1.14
0.89
1.25
1.52
1.44
Catalase 3
CAT3
AT1G08830
P24704
21.6
redox.dismutases and catalases
1.51
2.58
1.88
1.36
0.9
1.43
1.45
1.22
0.7
1.32
1.59
1.56
Copper, zinc superoxide dismutase 1
CSD1
AT2G28190
O78310
21.6
redox.dismutases and catalases
1.75
1.96
1.19
0.85
1.26
0.87
1.04
0.77
0.98
1.18
1.12
1.02
Copper, zinc superoxide dismutase 2
CSD2
AT5G18100
Q9FK60
21.6
redox.dismutases and catalases
0.51
0.78
0.53
0.3
0.31
0.33
0.42
0.35
0.27
0.4
0.36
0.29
Copper, zinc superoxide dismutase 3
CSD3
AT4G25100
P21276
21.6
redox.dismutases and catalases
0.58
1.11
0.78
0.36
0.2
0.31
0.53
0.38
0.23
0.59
0.39
0.31
Iron superoxide dismutase 1
FSD1
AT5G51100
Q9LU64
21.6
redox.dismutases and catalases
0.38
0.81
0.43
0.38
0.24
0.28
0.34
0.32
0.25
0.39
0.22
0.26
Iron superoxide dismutase 2
FSD2
AT3G10920
O81235
21.6
redox.dismutases and catalases
0.84
1.3
1.07
0.87
0.54
1
0.98
0.85
0.48
0.71
0.87
0.75
Manganese superoxide dismutase 1
MSD1
AT3G49120
Q9SMU8
26.12
misc.peroxidases
0.31
2.48
1.97
1.58
0.2
1.34
2.47
1.87
0.29
1.22
1.16
1.07
Class III peroxidase
PRXC
AT2G37130
Q42580
26.12
misc.peroxidases
0.4
0.92
0.7
0.59
0.41
0.54
0.64
0.56
0.27
0.42
0.54
0.52
Peroxidase 21
ATP2A
AT3G09390
P25860
15.2
metal handling.binding, chelation and storage
1.42
1.6
1.56
1.25
0.92
1.05
1.38
1.75
0.75
0.92
1.45
2.17
Metallothionein 1
AtMT1
AT2G02120
Q41914
20.1
stress.biotic
0.39
0.8
0.67
0.37
0.29
0.55
0.59
0.43
0.25
0.43
0.65
0.53
Protease inhibitor
P?
AT4G02610
O22765
13.1.6.5.5
amino acid metabolism.synthesis.aromatic aa.tryptophan.tryptophan synthase
0.23
0.53
0.36
0.21
0.13
0.36
0.31
0.29
0.14
0.26
0.26
0.28
Tryptophan synthase alpha subunit
TRPA
AT5G54810
P14671
13.1.6.5.5
amino acid metabolism.synthesis.aromatic aa.tryptophan.tryptophan synthase
0.39
2.05
0.85
0.44
0.26
0.62
0.81
0.53
0.25
1.09
0.83
0.51
Tryptophan synthase beta subunit
TRPB
AT5G39580
Q9FKA4
26.12
misc.peroxidases
0.16
0.5
0.28
0.13
0.12
0.21
0.26
0.2
0.12
0.28
0.27
0.16
Peroxidase ATP24a
ATP24A
AT3G16530
Q9LK72
26.16
misc.myrosinases-lectin-jacalin
0.25
3.63
1.04
0.24
0.19
1.06
0.69
0.27
0.24
2
0.68
0.38
Lectin-like protein
LECT
AT4G39980
P29976
13.1.6.1.1
amino acid metabolism.synthesis.aromatic aa.chorismate.3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate synthase
0.22
0.84
0.51
0.24
0.17
0.29
0.4
0.2
0.22
0.49
0.34
0.24
2-dehydro-3-deoxyphosphoheptonate aldolase
DHS1
AT2G46750
Q6NQ66
35.1
not assigned.no ontology
0.14
0.51
0.32
0.12
0.11
0.2
0.29
0.2
0.12
0.32
0.16
0.17
L-gulonolactone oxidase like 3
L-GLOLIKE3
AT5G56490
Q9FM82
35.1
not assigned.no ontology
0.14
0.49
0.32
0.14
0.11
0.18
0.27
0.15
0.15
0.25
0.16
0.15
L-gulonolactone oxidase like 7
L-GLOLIKE7
AT5G24780
O49195
33.1
development.storage proteins
0.47
1.63
2.72
1.95
0.3
1.1
1.99
1.04
0.34
1.25
2.57
2.06
Vegetative storage protein 1
VSP1
AT2G02100
Q39182
20.1
stress.biotic
0.62
1.36
1.01
0.66
0.31
0.58
0.89
0.42
0.47
0.61
1
0.78
Plant defensin-fusion protein 2
PIN2
AT1G74710
Q9S7H8
18.5.2.1
Co-factor and vitamine metabolism.folate & vitamine K.vitamine K.isochorismate synthase
0.16
1.49
0.51
0.13
0.15
0.94
0.82
0.31
0.11
0.38
0.52
0.15
Isochorismate synthase 1
ICS1
AT3G53260
P45724
16.2.1.1
secondary metabolism.phenylpropanoids.lignin biosynthesis.PAL
0.44
1.21
0.28
0.15
0.29
0.66
0.38
0.29
0.3
0.57
0.41
0.23
Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase 2
PAL2
AT3G48090
Q9SU72
20.1.3
stress.biotic.signalling
0.18
1.16
0.54
0.29
0.17
0.66
0.72
0.29
0.17
0.33
0.55
0.26
Enhanced disease susceptibility 1
EDS1
AT4G39030
Q945F0
20.1
stress.biotic
0.08
1.52
0.68
0.11
0.12
0.88
0.91
0.19
0.1
0.41
0.46
0.12
Enhanced disease susceptibility 5
EDS5
AT3G52430
Q9S745
20.1
stress.biotic
0.3
1.12
0.62
0.22
0.19
0.94
0.76
0.24
0.2
0.37
0.55
0.27
Phytoalexin deficient 4
PAD4
AT5G64930
Q9LV85
20.1
stress.biotic
0.18
0.49
0.19
0.1
0.12
0.29
0.26
0.14
0.13
0.13
0.19
0.14
Consititutive expression of PR genes 5
CPR5
AT1G64280
P93002
27.3.61
RNA.regulation of transcription.NPR1/NIM1
0.17
0.56
0.29
0.12
0.17
0.41
0.37
0.19
0.13
0.19
0.26
0.15
Nonexpresser of PR genes 1
NPR1
AT2G14610
P33154
20.1
stress.biotic
0.41
1.29
0.7
0.33
0.33
0.48
0.67
0.48
0.28
0.61
0.56
0.38
Pathogenesis related protein 1
PR1
AT1G75040
P28493
20.1
stress.biotic
0.31
1.5
1.03
0.47
0.3
0.52
0.92
0.66
0.28
0.69
0.6
0.47
Pathogenesis related protein 5
PR5
AT1G02930
P42760
26.9
misc.glutathione S transferases
0.39
7.48
2.21
0.78
0.4
2.05
2.25
0.79
0.28
2.82
2.16
1.21
Glutathione S transferase F6
GSTF6
AT3G57260
P33157
26.4.1
misc.beta 1,3 glucan hydrolases.glucan endo-1,3-beta-glucosidase
0.24
0.77
0.52
0.64
0.16
0.35
0.72
0.48
0.21
0.35
0.44
0.49
Pathogenesis related protein 2
PR2
AT1G75800
Q9LQT4
20.1
stress.biotic
0.3
1.02
0.55
0.26
0.16
0.37
0.7
0.26
0.27
0.43
0.43
0.37
Similar to receptor serine/threonine kinase
PR5K
AT1G02860
Q9SRX9
29.5.11.4.2
protein.degradation.ubiquitin.E3.RING
0.13
0.53
0.19
0.1
0.13
0.25
0.19
0.24
0.1
0.09
0.18
0.11
Benzoic acid hypersensitive 1
BAH1
AT1G02450
Q9FNZ5
27.3.99
RNA.regulation of transcription.unclassified
0.18
0.83
0.54
0.2
0.14
0.61
0.54
0.31
0.11
0.21
0.31
0.16
NIM1 interacting 1
NIMIN1
AT1G29690
Q9C7N2
31.5.1
cell.cell death.plants
0.14
0.93
0.31
0.14
0.14
0.5
0.39
0.21
0.15
0.34
0.33
0.16
Constitutively activated cell death 1
CAD1
AT3G56400
Q9LY00
27.3.32
RNA.regulation of transcription.WRKY domain transcription factor family
0.3
2.42
1.41
0.5
0.22
1.2
1.01
0.48
0.22
0.45
0.71
0.32
WRKY DNA-binding protein 70
WRKY70
AT4G11280
Q9SAR0
17.5.1.1
hormone metabolism.ethylene.synthesis-degradation.1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase
0.46
0.76
0.31
0.13
0.23
0.6
0.37
0.2
0.29
0.35
0.32
0.19
ACC Synthase 6
ACS6
AT3G04720
P43082
20.1
stress.biotic
0.43
1.62
0.77
0.48
0.21
0.72
0.59
0.42
0.28
0.69
0.73
0.82
Pathogenesis related protein 4
PR4
AT1G66340
P49333
17.5.2
hormone metabolism.ethylene.signal transduction
0.16
0.37
0.18
0.07
0.19
0.25
0.26
0.14
0.08
0.09
0.15
0.09
Ethylene receptor 1
ETR1
AT3G20770
O24606
27.3.19
RNA.regulation of transcription.EIN3-like(EIL) transcription factor family
0.36
0.91
0.62
0.2
0.29
0.34
0.39
0.27
0.25
0.33
0.3
0.22
Ethylene-insensitive 3
EIN3
AT5G03730
Q05609
29.4
protein.postranslational modification
0.43
1.01
0.85
0.36
0.23
0.45
0.68
0.42
0.29
0.52
0.6
0.41
Constitutive triple response 1
CTR1
AT5G44420
Q9FI23
20.1.7.12
stress.biotic.PR-proteins.plant defensins
0.25
1.88
0.89
0.34
0.24
0.55
0.7
0.52
0.2
0.89
0.61
0.5
Plant defensin 1.2
PDF1.2
AT3G12500
P19171
20.1
stress.biotic
0.28
1.32
0.58
0.36
0.19
0.38
0.58
0.41
0.25
0.5
0.44
0.49
Pathogenesis related protein 3
PR3
AT4G02520
P46422
26.9
misc.glutathione S transferases
0.39
3.48
1.63
0.91
0.27
0.94
1.53
0.57
0.33
1.2
1.36
1.45
Glutathione S transferase F2
GSTF2
AT1G02500
P23686
13.1.3.4.11
amino acid metabolism.synthesis.aspartate family.methionine.S-adenosylmethionine synthetase
0.57
1.33
0.8
0.44
0.35
0.92
0.82
0.62
0.36
0.78
0.9
0.51
S-adenosylmethionine synthetase 1
SAM1
AT5G03280
Q9S814
34.12
transport.metal
0.19
0.1
0.14
0.05
0.11
0.14
0.05
0.09
0.11
0.1
0.15
0.1
Ethylene-insensitive 2
EIN2
AT1G05010
Q06588
17.5.1.2
hormone metabolism.ethylene.synthesis-degradation.1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate oxidase
0.65
2.65
1.18
0.61
0.39
1.93
1.45
0.81
0.48
1.1
0.93
0.57
ACC oxidase 4
EAT1
AT1G62380
Q41931
17.5.1.2
hormone metabolism.ethylene.synthesis-degradation.1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate oxidase
0.91
1.9
1
0.44
0.45
0.67
0.73
0.52
0.74
0.82
0.93
0.55
ACC oxidase 2
ACO2
AT2G40940
Q38846
17.5.2
hormone metabolism.ethylene.signal transduction
0.29
0.59
0.33
0.13
0.15
0.37
0.34
0.2
0.17
0.22
0.32
0.28
Ethylene receptor subfamily 1
ERS1
AT4G20880
#N/A
17.5.3
hormone metabolism.ethylene.induced-regulated-responsive-activated
0.78
0.71
0.36
0.23
0.25
0.48
0.38
0.31
0.28
0.37
0.35
0.35
Ethylene-regulated nuclear protein 2
ERT2
AT3G16770
P42736
27.3.3
RNA.regulation of transcription.AP2/EREBP, APETALA2/Ethylene-responsive element binding protein family
0.72
1.03
0.66
0.31
0.29
0.59
0.6
0.38
0.46
0.57
0.58
0.44
Related to AP2.3
RAP2.3
AT5G61600
Q9FKG1
17.5.2
hormone metabolism.ethylene.signal transduction
0.37
0.8
0.58
0.18
0.3
0.39
0.47
0.34
0.24
0.36
0.41
0.28
Ethylene responsive element binding factor1
EREBP-1
AT3G23240
Q8LDC8
17.5.2
hormone metabolism.ethylene.signal transduction
0.31
0.88
0.57
0.19
0.19
0.33
0.48
0.32
0.25
0.44
0.37
0.27
Ethylene response factor 1
ERF1
AT2G31230
Q8VYM0
17.5.2
hormone metabolism.ethylene.signal transduction
0.29
0.97
0.61
0.27
0.24
0.34
0.51
0.3
0.23
0.43
0.67
0.48
Ethylene response factor 3
ERF3
AT2G47730
Q96266
26.9
misc.glutathione S transferases
0.97
4.36
1.87
0.66
0.47
1.79
1.49
0.49
0.62
1.6
1.16
0.55
Glutathione S transferase F8
GSTF8
AT3G24170
P48641
21.2.2
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.glutathione
0.48
0.79
0.4
0.24
0.35
0.64
0.61
0.46
0.28
0.39
0.42
0.28
Gluthatione reductase 1
GR1
AT3G54660
P42770
21.2.2
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.glutathione
0.41
0.64
0.34
0.27
0.32
0.4
0.45
0.31
0.38
0.35
0.37
0.28
Gluthatione reductase 2
GR2
AT4G23100
P46309
21.2.2
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.glutathione
0.53
1.34
0.97
0.45
0.38
0.61
0.88
0.34
0.48
0.8
0.64
0.44
Gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase
GSH1
AT5G27380
P46416
21.2.2
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.glutathione
0.27
0.95
0.44
0.23
0.2
0.5
0.43
0.51
0.18
0.6
0.44
0.41
Glutathione synthetase
GSH2
AT1G55920
Q42588
15.2
metal handling.binding, chelation and storage
0.33
0.69
0.43
0.17
0.22
0.26
0.39
0.19
0.26
0.29
0.22
0.19
Ser O-acetyltransferase 1
ATSERAT2;1
AT2G17640
Q8S895
13.1.5.3.2
amino acid metabolism.synthesis.serine-glycine-cysteine group.cysteine.SAT
0.28
0.39
0.27
0.16
0.14
0.3
0.3
0.31
0.13
0.25
0.25
0.19
Ser O-acetyltransferase 106
ATSERAT3;1
AT3G13110
Q39218
13.1.5.3.2
amino acid metabolism.synthesis.serine-glycine-cysteine group.cysteine.SAT
0.44
0.85
0.61
0.34
0.35
0.56
0.53
0.47
0.41
0.78
0.62
0.47
Ser O-acetyltransferase 3
ATSERAT2;2
AT4G35640
Q8W2B8
13.1.5.3.2
amino acid metabolism.synthesis.serine-glycine-cysteine group.cysteine.SAT
0.24
0.69
0.38
0.19
0.17
0.32
0.37
0.35
0.18
0.33
0.34
0.24
Ser O-acetyltransferase 3;2
ATSERAT3;2
AT5G56760
Q42538
13.1.5.3.2
amino acid metabolism.synthesis.serine-glycine-cysteine group.cysteine.SAT
0.52
1.03
0.64
0.33
0.31
0.53
0.61
0.5
0.31
0.57
0.59
0.4
Ser O-acetyltransferase 52
ATSERAT1;1
AT1G07890
Q05431
21.2.1
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.ascorbate
1.29
3.05
1.93
1.12
0.89
1.27
1.4
0.63
0.93
1.55
1.1
1.03
Ascorbate peroxidase 1
APX1
AT3G09640
Q1PER6
21.2.1
redox.ascorbate and glutathione.ascorbate
0.15
0.49
0.31
0.17
0.13
0.17
0.38
0.16
0.2
0.21
0.19
0.18
Ascorbate peroxidase 2
APX2